Harley Street Counselling & Training Psychotherapy & counselling in Central London, City of London,
Tunbridge Wells & Rochester, in Kent

Counselling approaches. blues

Harley Street Counselling & Training
  • Counselling approaches
  • What might be the best approach for you? What seems to work the best for issues such as anxiety, bereavement, stress or depression? It might be worthwhile to look at an approach that feels like a relatable fit, rather than choosing an approach for a label or condition.

    The foremost influential factor that determines the success of counselling is the relationship between the counsellor and the client.

    Counselling and Psychotherapy

    Counselling can be helpful for a range of issues, including loss, bereavement, adjustment, worry, anxiety, family and relationship issues, confidence, self-esteem, stress, OCD, phobias, eating disorders and more.
    Longer-term work could be in areas related to anxiety, depression, grief and loss, self-worth, addiction, anger, jealousy, recurring dreams, nightmares and other common obstacles.

    It can be a daunting task searching for a therapist with so many approaches to counselling some of which are broken down:

    Person Centred Counselling
    Gestalt Psychotherapy
    Transactional Analysis (T.A)
    Psychodynamic Psychotherapy
    Psychosynthesis Counselling
    Integrative & Eclectic

    Person-Centred counselling

    A Humanistic approach to counselling. Carl Rogers believed in offering a non-directive, user-led approach to counselling. He believed that clients have the ability to grow if offered the three main core conditions which are Empathy, Congruence (genuineness) and Unconditional Positive Regard. Person Centred Counselling appears to remain popular and an effective form of therapy working with issues such as bereavement. Counselling can be short or long-term.

    Gestalt psychotherapy

    A Humanistic approach to counselling and psychotherapy that works to the ideas of Fritz Perls. Emphasis is placed on the clients experience in the present moment, the here and now. Insights can be gained through the awareness of emotions, physical sensations and behaviour as experienced in the here and now. The purpose of Gestalt Psychotherapy is to work towards the resolution of unresolved issues.

    Transactional Analysis (T.A)

    Devised by Eric Berne who believed that people have distinct ways of thinking, feeling and behaving. These are called Ego-states which we act out in the here and now: PARENT (our own re-enactment of parents’ behaviours or significant adults in our life when growing up). ADULT (our response to the here and now).CHILD (thoughts, feelings and behaviours once performed in childhood re-enacted in the present day).

    Psychodynamic psychotherapy

    It is believed that the unconscious mind has great influence in determining how we think, feel and behave. Change is a process of ‘working through’ issues often making past to present links. Psychotherapy is usually long term.

    Psychosynthesis counselling

    Developed by Roberto Assagioli, Psychosynthesis supports the growth of an individual (to synthesise) to integrate all aspects of themselves which encourages greater self-connection whilst seeking to uncover internal conflicts that might inhibit this process. There are various creative techniques that are incorporated into this approach to

    Integrative & eclectic

    The integrative counsellor will work from one core approach whilst being able to integrate ideas and techniques from other counselling approaches such as CBT. An eclectic counsellor is able to combine more than one theoretical approach to counselling in a coherent way.

    CBT - Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

    CBT is often helpful with anxiety, panic, OCD, somatisation and depression. CBT helps you to challenge the way you think, feel and behave and teaches ways of coping for specific situations. It is the favoured approach in the NHS. This approach is generally considered a short-term option to therapy from 4 to 18 sessions.


    Encourages clients to pay attention to the here and now through techniques heavily influenced by meditation, yoga and other approaches to therapy such as Psychosynthesis, Gestalt and Logotherapy. Mindfulness based CBT has seen a rise in popularity in recent years. This way of working appears to be popular with counsellors who integrate techniques.


    What is your meaning in life? Logotherapy defines that meaning is the force in life. Logos is Greek for meaning. This approach is effective with anxiety, addiction, depression, identity, stress and rust out.
    The treatment consists of working towards responsibility, the minimisation (and eventual ending) of symptoms, and working out who you are.
    Psychiatrist Viktor Frankl believes we all harbour the will to find meaning. When we are affected by meaninglessness it creates an 'existential vacuum'. Feeling despondent, bored, alone (invisible), lethargic and unmotivated. When we feel this way basic tasks seem hard.


    Devised by Shirley Jean Schmidt: The DNMS (Developmental Needs Meets Strategy) is a form of self-reparenting therapy that is a client centred ego state therapy. The DNMS has a series of protocols to work through in sessions. It is an approach that can work with a wide range of issues. The approach is informed by EMDR, attachment theory, self-reparenting therapy, mirror neurons and developmental psychology.

    A brief summary of clinical psychology, counselling psychology, psychotherapy and counselling

    Psychiatry is distinct from other helping professions. Psychiatrists refer to a client as a patient and will have formal medical training. Information will be gathered in order to fully assess and come to a formal diagnosis. The psychiatrist is able to prescribe medication and might refer the patient to a practitioner such as a counsellor, psychotherapist or cognitive behavioural therapist for further treatment.

    A Clinical psychologist deals with the diagnosis and treatment of complex mental health, personality and behavioural disorders whereas counselling psychologists tend to deal with the same issues as a counsellor or psychotherapist. Counselling psychologists tend to work in a medical setting and have one agreed training standard and route of study in the UK whereas counsellors or psychotherapists have several routes depending on the therapeutic approach and the level of training.

    Counsellors are often trained in a core model such as person centred, gestalt or psychodynamic and may further their development by integrating other ways of working such as CBT.

    Psychotherapy and Counselling are terms that are often interchangeable and draw from the same theoretical, relational and practical knowledge base. There is no agreed distinction between the terms counsellor and psychotherapist however some may raise the point that counselling is seen as short term and psychotherapy favours long term work.

    ©2017 Harley Street Associates Limited - 10729389 is powered by WebHealer
    Cookies are set by this site. To decline them or find out more visit our cookie page